The Buchenwald Concentration Camp was a Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg near Weimar, Thuringia, Nazi Germany, in July 1937, and one of the largest such camps on German soil. Between July 1937 and April 1945, some 250,000 people were incarcerated in Buchenwald by the Nazi regime during the Holocaust. One estimate places the number of deaths in Buchenwald at 56,000. (Material licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License from Wikipedia).